Highest Paying Jobs With a Biology Degree in Nigeria 2024

Joe McGoldrick
February 18, 2024 · 13 min read

If you're a biology graduate in Nigeria, you might be wondering what the highest paying jobs are that you can pursue. Luckily, there are plenty of options available to you!

In this article, we'll take a look at the top 10 highest paying jobs with a biology degree in Nigeria, and provide information about each one to help you decide which career path is right for you.

Highest Paying Jobs With a Biology Degree in Nigeria 2024 - Top 10

1. Biologist

Biologists are study living organisms, their characteristics and behaviors, interactions among them, and the environment in which they live. They identify, classify, analyze, and interpret biological data to understand and solve biological problems.

Biologists work in various settings, including research laboratories, universities, government agencies, environmental organizations, and private industries. They may specialize in subfields such as genetics, ecology, microbiology, neuroscience, and biochemistry and use various techniques and tools such as microscopes, genetic sequencing, and computer modeling to conduct their research.

Biologists also play a crucial role in advancing human health and medical research, sustainable agriculture, and conservation efforts. 

In order to be a biologist, you need to have a degree in biology or a related field. Most biologists have a Bachelor's or Master's degree, but some pursue a Ph.D. or doctorate in the field. Biologists should also have a strong foundation in math, statistics, and computer science. Good communication, problem-solving, and critical thinking skills are also important for success in the field. Additionally, curiosity, attention to detail, and a passion for science are essential qualities for biologists. 

The average salary for a biologist in Nigeria is around ₦500,000 per month.

2. Medical Laboratory Scientist

Medical laboratory scientists perform laboratory tests on patient samples to help diagnose and treat diseases. With a biology degree, you'll have the knowledge and skills needed to analyze these samples and interpret the results.

As a medical laboratory scientist, you'll work with a variety of patient samples including blood, urine, tissue, and body fluids. You'll perform tests such as blood counts, chemical analyses, and microbiological cultures to help healthcare providers diagnose and treat illnesses.

Your biology degree will provide you with a strong foundation in the principles of biology, including genetics, cellular and molecular biology, microbiology, and immunology. These concepts are essential to understanding how the body functions and responds to disease, and they'll be the basis of your work as a medical laboratory scientist.

In addition to your biology coursework, you'll need to complete specialized training in medical laboratory science. This may include a post-baccalaureate certificate program, a master's degree, or a clinical laboratory science program. You'll also need to pass a certification exam before you can work as a medical laboratory scientist.

Overall, a biology degree is an excellent foundation for a career in medical laboratory science. You'll have the knowledge and skills you need to perform complex lab tests, interpret results, and help diagnose and treat patients.

The average salary for a medical laboratory scientist in Nigeria is around ₦300,000 per month.

medical laboratory scientist

3. Biomedical Engineer

Biomedical engineers design and develop medical equipment and devices, such as prosthetics and artificial organs. With a biology degree, you'll have a deep understanding of the human body and its functions, which is essential for designing effective medical devices.

As a biomedical engineer, you will use your knowledge of biology, physics, and engineering to improve patient care and quality of life. You may work on developing advanced imaging technologies, such as MRI and ultrasound machines, or you may design and test new drug delivery systems. Other potential areas of focus include designing diagnostic tools, developing software to analyze medical data, and improving the durability and usability of medical equipment.

A biology degree is an excellent foundation for a career in biomedical engineering, as it provides you with a strong understanding of the human body and how it works. You'll be able to apply your knowledge of cellular and molecular biology, anatomy, and physiology to create innovative solutions for medical problems.

There are many opportunities available for biomedical engineers, with job prospects expected to grow faster than average over the next decade. Whether you work in industry, research, or healthcare, this field offers a rewarding career where you can make a real difference in people's lives.

The average salary for a biomedical engineer in Nigeria is around ₦320,000 per month.

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4. Medical Doctor

Medical doctors diagnose and treat illnesses and injuries in patients. With a biology degree, you'll have a strong foundation in human anatomy and physiology, which is essential for understanding the mechanisms behind diseases and injuries.

However, becoming a medical doctor requires additional education beyond a bachelor's degree in biology. After completing a biology degree program, students must take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) and apply to medical school. Medical school typically takes four years to complete and includes classroom instruction, laboratory work, and clinical rotations.

After medical school, aspiring doctors must complete a residency program in their chosen specialty, which can last anywhere from three to seven years depending on the field. Once the residency is complete, doctors must pass licensing and certification exams in their state or country.

Overall, a biology degree can be a great starting point for those interested in pursuing a career as a medical doctor, but it is just the beginning of a long path of education and training.

The average salary for a medical doctor in Nigeria is around ₦390,000 per month.

medical doctor

5. Biostatistician

Biostatisticians use statistical methods to analyze and interpret data related to public health and medicine. With a biology degree, you'll have a strong background in biology and mathematics, which is essential for working in this field.

As a biostatistician, you will work with researchers and healthcare professionals to design experiments, collect data, and analyze results. You may be responsible for developing and implementing statistical models, conducting hypothesis tests, and creating visual representations of the data.

In addition to technical skills, biostatisticians need excellent communication and problem-solving skills. You will need to be able to explain statistical findings to non-technical audiences, and to work collaboratively with other professionals to identify and address challenges in public health and medical research.

Possible job titles in this field include Biostatistician, Medical Statistician, Epidemiologist, Data Analyst, and Health Services Researcher. Biostatisticians may work for government agencies, academic institutions, healthcare organizations, or private research firms.

The average salary for a biostatistician in Nigeria is around ₦400,000 per month.

6. Environmental Scientist

Environmental scientists study the natural world and how humans interact with it. With a biology degree, you'll have a deep understanding of ecosystems and the impact of human activities on the environment.

As an environmental scientist, you'll use your knowledge of biology to investigate environmental issues and develop sustainable solutions. You may focus on issues such as climate change, pollution, conservation, and resource management. Your work may involve conducting fieldwork, analyzing data, developing models and simulations, and communicating your findings to stakeholders.

With a biology degree, you'll be equipped with the skills and knowledge needed to conduct research and analyze data. You'll also have a strong foundation in ecology, evolution, genetics, and other areas of biology that are relevant to environmental science.

Environmental science is a growing field, as more and more people become aware of the importance of protecting our natural resources. A career in environmental science can be both rewarding and challenging, as you work to unravel complex environmental issues and develop solutions that balance human needs with those of the natural world.

The average salary for an environmental scientist in Nigeria is around ₦520,000 per month.

7. Medical Research Scientist

Medical research scientists conduct research to understand diseases and develop new treatments. With a biology degree, you'll have a strong foundation in scientific research methods and an understanding of the human body.

As a medical research scientist, your responsibilities will include designing and conducting experiments, analyzing data, writing grant proposals for funding, presenting your findings at conferences, and publishing research papers in scientific journals. You may specialize in a certain area of medicine, such as cancer research or neuroscience.

To become a medical research scientist, you will typically need to earn a bachelor's degree in biology or a related field, followed by a graduate degree in a specialized area of study, such as immunology or genetics. You will also need to obtain relevant experience through internships or research assistant positions.

Successful medical research scientists possess strong analytical and problem-solving skills, attention to detail, and excellent communication skills. They must also be able to work independently, as well as collaboratively with colleagues and other researchers.  

The average salary for a medical research scientist in Nigeria is around ₦700,000 per month.

medical research scientist

8. Pharmacologist

Pharmacologists study the effects of drugs on the human body. With a biology degree, you'll have a strong understanding of human physiology and how drugs interact with the body.

Pharmacology involves researching how drugs interact with living organisms, from the molecular level to the whole organism. Pharmacologists use this information to develop new drugs, measure dosages, and identify potential side effects. They work in a wide range of fields, including academia, industry, and government.

As a biologist, you have a firm foundation in the basic mechanisms of living organisms, which is essential for understanding how drugs affect the body. You also have experience with research, analysis, and experimentation, which are crucial skills for pharmacologists.

Overall, a biology degree is an excellent starting point for a career in pharmacology, providing you with the necessary knowledge and analytical skills to pursue further education or enter the workforce.

The average salary for a pharmacologist in Nigeria is around ₦250,000 per month.

9. Medical Sales Representative

Medical sales representatives promote and sell medical equipment and devices to healthcare providers. With a biology degree, you'll have the scientific knowledge needed to effectively communicate the benefits of these products to healthcare professionals.

Specifically, medical sales representatives work for healthcare companies or manufacturers and typically spend much of their time on the road meeting with healthcare professionals to promote their company's products.

They must have a strong understanding of their products' features, benefits, and applications, as well as knowledge of their competition. Medical sales representatives must also have excellent communication skills to persuade healthcare professionals to purchase their products. A biology degree provides a foundation of scientific knowledge that can be applied in medical sales.

A deep understanding of human anatomy and physiology, as well as knowledge of various diseases and medical conditions, can assist medical sales representatives in understanding their products' applications and how they can help healthcare professionals to better treat their patients.

Moreover, a biology degree also teaches research, analytical, and problem-solving skills required in the medical sales industry. As a medical sales representative, you will need to analyze data related to the product's sales, customer feedback, market trends, and more.

You will also need to adjust sales strategies, identify new target markets, and respond to customer queries, all while staying ahead of the competition. In summary, a biology degree can provide you with the scientific knowledge and skills necessary to excel in the medical sales industry.

With this degree, you can pursue a career in medical sales with confidence, knowing that you have the background to understand the products you will be promoting and the skills to effectively communicate their benefits to healthcare professionals.  

The average salary for a medical sales representative in Nigeria is around ₦350,000 per month.

10. Epidemiologist

Epidemiologists study the spread and control of diseases in human populations. With a biology degree, you'll have the scientific knowledge needed to understand the biology of infectious diseases and their transmission, which is essential for designing and implementing effective public health strategies.

Epidemiologists use various tools and techniques to track and analyze disease outbreaks. They collect data on the demographics of affected populations, the geographic location of outbreaks, and the symptoms and progression of the disease. This data is then used to identify patterns and risk factors that can be targeted for intervention.

Once an outbreak is identified, epidemiologists work with other public health professionals to develop control strategies. This can involve implementing measures such as quarantines or immunization campaigns, as well as educating the public on how to reduce their risk of infection.

With a degree in biology, you may also have the opportunity to conduct research on the biology of diseases and their transmission. This could involve studying the molecular mechanisms of pathogens or analyzing genetic factors that contribute to susceptibility to infection.

Overall, a degree in biology can provide a strong foundation for a career in epidemiology, and can open up opportunities to work in public health at local, national, or international levels.  

The average salary for an epidemiologist in Nigeria is around ₦500,000 per month.

epidemiologist

Conclusion

Now that you've seen the top 10 highest paying jobs with a biology degree in Nigeria, you might be wondering which one is right for you. While salary is an important consideration, there are other factors to keep in mind, such as your interests, skills, and work-life balance.

If you're interested in sales and marketing, then a career as a pharmaceutical sales representative or medical sales representative might be a good fit for you. If you enjoy working in a laboratory setting, then a career as a medical laboratory scientist or medical research scientist might be more suitable.

If you're passionate about the environment, then a career as an environmental scientist might be the right choice for you. If you enjoy working with data and statistics, then a career as a biostatistician or epidemiologist might be more appealing.

Whatever career path you choose, it's important to remember that a biology degree can open up a wide range of opportunities in various industries, from healthcare to biotechnology to environmental science. With dedication and hard work, you can build a rewarding and fulfilling career in any of these fields.

In conclusion, a biology degree can lead to many high-paying and rewarding careers in Nigeria. Whether you're interested in sales, laboratory work, research, or public health, there are plenty of options available to you.

Consider your interests, skills, and work-life balance when deciding which career path to pursue, and don't be afraid to explore different options before making a final decision. With the right mindset and determination, you can build a successful and fulfilling career in the field of biology.


Looking to expand your skillset and get a high-paying career in biology?

Discover how you can acquire the most in-demand skills with our free report, and open the doors to a successful career. Download the free report today!

Want to take your biology career even further? Consider how a BBA or MBA can help you develop these skills and increase your earning potential by showing you the skills to become an effective manager.


FAQs

How much does a biology degree holder earn in Nigeria?

The salary of a biology degree holder in Nigeria depends on the job they are employed in and their level of experience. However, on average, a biology degree holder in Nigeria can earn anywhere from ₦200,000 to ₦800,000 per month.

What skills do I need to succeed in a biology-related job?

To succeed in a biology-related job, you will need a combination of technical skills and soft skills. Technical skills include laboratory skills, data analysis skills, and scientific writing skills. Soft skills such as communication, teamwork, problem-solving, and time management are also important.

Learn how to develop the most in-demand skills for your future career!

Discover how you can acquire the most in-demand skills with our free report, and open the doors to a successful career. 

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What kind of companies hire biology degree holders in Nigeria?

Biology degree holders in Nigeria can work in a variety of industries, including healthcare, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, environmental science, and research institutions. Some of the companies that hire biology degree holders in Nigeria include hospitals, research institutions, environmental agencies, pharmaceutical companies, and biotech startups.

What are the job prospects for biology degree holders in Nigeria?

The job prospects for biology degree holders in Nigeria are generally good, as there is a growing demand for skilled professionals in the healthcare, biotechnology, and environmental sectors. With a biology degree, you can pursue a variety of careers in Nigeria, from laboratory research to public health to sales and marketing.

How can I increase my chances of getting a high-paying job with a biology degree in Nigeria?

To increase your chances of getting a high-paying job with a biology degree in Nigeria, you can consider pursuing additional certifications or advanced degrees in your field of interest. You can also gain relevant work experience through internships or entry-level positions. Networking with professionals in your field and building a strong online presence can also help you stand out to potential employers.


Looking to expand your skillset and get a high-paying career in biology?

Discover how you can acquire the most in-demand skills with our free report, and open the doors to a successful career. Download the free report today!

Want to take your biology career even further? Consider how a BBA or MBA can help you develop these skills and increase your earning potential by showing you the skills to become an effective manager.

About the author
Joe McGoldrick
Joe McGoldrick

Known for strategy and attention to detail

Joe has more than 10 years of marketing experience, working within the public sector, client-side, and agency side.

He is passionate about using data and customer insights to improve marketing performance.

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